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Egypt seeks options to potential Nile water loss from Ethiopian dam

Egypt seeks alternatives to possible Nile water loss from Ethiopian dam

CAIRO — Egypt’s Ministry of Irrigation and Water Assets revealed Might 2 4 tasks and plans to scale back water waste within the nation, counter the rising want for water sooner or later and assist mitigate the unfavourable influence of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on its irrigation system.

Masrawy information portal quoted Mohamed Ghanem, spokesman for the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Assets, as saying that they’ve ready for all potential situations, together with worst-case situations, by adopting administration system for each drop of water.

He famous that tasks are at the moment underway as a part of the plan, most notably the rehabilitation and lining of canals and drains at a value of 80 billion Egyptian kilos ($5.1 million), and that the undertaking will restrict water loss and permit a greater water circulation.  

The second undertaking, he stated, is to construct and keep 92 extremely environment friendly pumping and lifting stations, and the third consists of water therapy crops, equally to the Bahr el-Baqar plant the place 5 million cubic meters of water are handled every day, and the brand new el- Hamam plant which serves the New Delta tasks with a capability of 6 million cubic meters of water per day.

The Egyptian Cupboard introduced in a Might 5 Fb submit that the ministry has resorted to desalination as a solution to counter the rising want for water sooner or later attributable to inhabitants development and extra growth actions, at a time when Egypt’s share of the Nile waters stays unchanged.

Ghanem stated that the fourth undertaking goals to encourage farmers to make use of trendy irrigation methods in dryland and previous lands with a view to cut back water waste, provided that conventional farming practices eat the biggest proportion of the Nile waters.

Mohamed Daoud, water sources specialist and professor on the Nationwide Water Analysis Heart, advised Al-Monitor that Egypt primarily depends upon its share of the Nile waters, specifically 97% of the nation’s general water sources, to fulfill its water wants.

He stated, “The elevated inhabitants development and growth actions in Egypt have dropped the per capita water share to lower than 600 cubic meters yearly, because the inhabitants exceeds 100 million.”

Daoud famous, “It was obligatory for us to develop and implement tasks to deal with our share of the water in a solution to keep away from any water sources administration issues sooner or later.”

He added, “Egypt suffers from water shortages of as much as 20 billion cubic meters per yr, which compelled the federal government to search out some options and options with a view to improve water sources and bridge the hole between water sources and rising water demand in a solution to cut back water shortages.” 

Egyptian Minister of Water Assets and Irrigation, Mohamed Abdel Aty, advised Local weather Dialogues that was nearly held Might 5, “Egypt is going through main challenges within the water sector, with 97% of its renewable water sources coming from outdoors the border. As well as, Ethiopia’s unilateral measures relating to the GERD improve the challenges going through Egypt within the water sector.”

He continued, “The Nationwide Water Assets Plan 2037, which is predicated on 4 axes, consists of optimizing water use, bettering water high quality, bettering availability of water sources and bettering the enabling setting for optimum water administration.”

Egypt fears that the operation of the GERD that Addis Ababa constructed on the Blue Nile impacts its water provides from the Nile River, on which Egypt relies upon for 97% of its irrigation and consuming water. 

The GERD talks between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have continued to be stalled to this point, after the final spherical of talks held in April in Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, did not convey an settlement between the events. 

Abbas Sharaqi, director of the Pure Assets Division on the Institute of African Research and Analysis on the College of Cairo, advised Al-Monitor, “Egypt won’t abandon its historic rights to water in any respect, as a result of the matter of the Nile water is a matter of life and dying. We’re already affected by water shortages and Egypt won’t enable such shortages to develop greater [just] as a result of its share of the Nile was affected.”

He stated, “Egypt paid billions of kilos to deal with the shortages, meet its future wants for water and restrict the potential unfavourable results of the GERD.”

Sharaqi famous, “The lately applied tasks in Egypt will be unable to compensate for the water flowing from the Nile. There can be damages to Egypt if [Ethiopia] goes forward with the second filling of the GERD reservoir within the absence of an settlement with the 2 different nations.”

He added, “These tasks are obligatory with a view to meet the rising wants for water, particularly within the growth tasks that the Egyptian authorities is conducting — be they the brand new agricultural or industrial tasks, or new cities.”

Nader Noureddin, professor of water sources at Cairo College, advised Al-Monitor over the cellphone, “These plans and tasks include proactive measures to scale back the harm that the GERD building and the storage of 75 billion cubic meters of water behind it might trigger.”

He famous, “These plans will provide Egypt with a considerable amount of water, as water shortages are anticipated to vary between 10 billion to 12 billion cubic meters, equally divided between Egypt and Sudan, as a result of filling operation of the GERD.”

Sharaqi concluded, “Egypt will always defend our reputable water rights.” He stated that he hopes the talks on the GERD will result in an answer that fits the three nations.

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